Native American Culture (BD Shadow)

Native  American Culture written with pictures from 'Red Rock'

The American Indian
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Indians of North America
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Site Index
Native Nations


The following two Map sites are on the BIA Government site, and will not again be available until Secretary Norton of the Department of Interior puts the the BIA and other Dept. of Interior sites back on the Inernet.

Indian Lands
For a map of Indian lands in your State, scroll down to the second map of the US on this page (the white one) and click on your state. These are in .jpg format. The first map on this page can be downloaded too, but is in PDF format - you will need Adobe reader.

More Maps
These maps and the one above and one below are from the Geographic Data Service Center (GDSC), which provides technological support to BIA Central Office, BIA Regional & Agency offices, and Tribes. But they seem to be good maps. Free Adobe Reader available here.

Missouri River Basin Tribes
Map showing the Tribes in the Missouri River Basin, which includes all the Sioux (Lakota,Dakota,Nakota) Nations. You can click the number on the map for the name of the Tribe and go to its link on the Mni Sose website for information on the tribal chairman and delegate to the Mni Sose Intertribal Water Rights Coalition. Community Profile linked page contains much current information about that Nation.

Navajo Nation Maps
This map and information are located on the 2.0 Website. This map links to a very large and detailed map. Greedy people want parts of this area to mine for coal, and have been removing the Navajo people who live there.
Note: Navajo Nation website,, having some ISP and Hosting problems, and is currently inaccessible.

Nations Websites

Blackfeet Nation - Official Site
Learn about the rich culture and colorful history of the Pikuni people, the Great Blackfoot Nation of the Blackfeet Indian Reservation in northern Montana.

Cherokee Nation - Official Site
The site of the Cherokee Nation based in Tahlequah Oklahoma: sections on history, culture, employment, events, news, information, and their government divisions. Contact List

Cherokee Nation - Official Site
The official home page of the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. The Cherokee Indian Reservation is located in western North Carolina and is home to 12,500 enrolled members.

Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma
The official web site of these Tribes - helpful and informative pages to explore the work of their government and the culture of the people.

Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe
This Website has been expanded to include many new programs and activities! This is also a neat and pleasant site, easy to navigate.

Chickahominy Tribe
This information on the Chickahominy Tribe, located in Charles City County in Virginia, midway between Richmond and Williamsburg, is from a Report by Economic Development Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce.

Chickasaw Nation - Official Website
This site is beautifully and professionally designed, with many sections on culture, heritage, art, history, their government, etc., plus Library, Events, and Tourism.

Chumash Indians
The Chumash Indians of southern California were once the largest cultural group among the western tribes. But 'reduction' by Spanish, Mexican, and American invaders of California greatly reduced their numbers. Today, only the Samala subdivision of the Chumash are legally recognized by the federal government.

The Coeur d' Alene
Schi'tsu'umsh -- (pronounced schee - su - umsh, with emphasis on the middle syallable -su) The discovered people, the ones who were found here; traditional name for Coeur d' Alene Tribe prior to European contact. This page is on David Matheson the Official Site, Coeur d' Alene author of the book Red Thunder.

Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation.
Today, over 8,700 descendants of 12 aboriginal tribes of Indians are enrolled in the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation. The tribes, commonly known by English and French names, are: the Colville, the Nespelem, the San Poil, the Lake, the Palus, the Wenatchi (Wenatchee), the Chelan, the Entiat, the Methow, the southern Okanogan, the Moses Columbia and the Nez Perce of Chief Joseph’s Band.

Creek (Muskogee) Culture
Pages hosted by The Museum. There are so many pages of excellent information on Muskogee Creek Cultural Heritage of the Southeast today, including "stories," that a choice of which one to list could not be made.

Eastern Woodland Tribes
Tribes and Bands of Delmarva and New Jersey: current activities, history, contact information. These are the descendants of the Nations and Tribes of First Contact who still live in their ancestral homelands. Many are state recognized; a few have reservations.

A Guide to the Great Sioux Nation
State of South Dakota site. Sections of this Guide: Overview, Milestones, Landmarks and Legends, Artifacts, Art, Powwows, Points of Interest; and one for each of the nine Tribes of the Sioux Nation.

Hopi Indians
A short page about the Hopi, who have lived on three Mesas in northern Arizona for thousands of years. This page has an explanation of Kachinas.

Hopi - Official Website
A nice page with a beautiful Image Map linking to Culture and History, Villages, Tribal News, etc.

NEW Lumbee River Pathways
"This site is created and maintained by the Lumbee Regional Development Association of Pembroke, NC. While we do provide the most current and informed materials on the Lumbee River Communities, we do not claim to be the Official Website of the Lumbee Nation."

The Makah
"Famous among the Northwest for seal and whale hunting, festive potlatches and trade, the Makah have lived their lives . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Mikmaq Resources
Links to all sorts of Mikmaq informtion: groups, history, art, literature, issues, etc.

Muscogee (Creek) Nation
The Muscogee (Creek) Nation is a tribal government located in east central Oklahoma. An announcement on this site states that as of May (Ke-Kv'se - mulberry month) 2001, Tribal enrollment is 50,288.

Native Wisconsin
Mostly Chippewa. This page has a list of most, if not all, of the Nations in Wisconsin, with links to their Websites.

Navajo Nation
Official Web Site of The Navajo Nation (Diné), the largest Native American tribe in the Southwest. Sadly, this Official Navajo site, above, cannot be accessed a lot of the time. Try Navajo, which is an excellent site with lots of good information on the Navajo (Diné) Nation. Especially the FAQ's pages.

Nisga'a: People of the Nass River
This book entitled "Nisga'a: People of the Nass River" (published in 1993) was dedicated to the people of the Nisga'a Nation and holds images which represent the culture, community and life of the Nisga'a people. "We intend to live here forever. Read our story..."    Official Nisga'a Nation Web site.

Northern Cheyenne
Tribal Council Members, contact information, and information about the Reservation, located in southeastern Montana.   Northern Cheyenne Tribal ISP! is provided as a service to the Northern Cheyenne Nation and the Northern Cheyenne Reservation.

Oglala Sioux Tribe
The Oglala Sioux Tribe desires to continue their progress in providing for our people and the development of increased self-sufficiency. The Tribe continues to explore means to develop Tribal resources and pursue other business development initiatives. There are plans to develop cultural resources to preserve and educate Tribal members and non-members. Click on "Community Profile" for extensive information.

Oneida Indian Nation (NY State)
One of the original members of the Iroquois Confederacy, this Nation exists as a sovereign political unit which predates the Constitution of the United States.

Oneida Nation (Wisconsin)
This is the entry page to the Oneida Nation site, featuring an especially interesting Seal image with animated Turtle and Clan Representatives. See History of Homelands for story of move to Wisconsin from New York State.

Osage Tribe's Official Homepage
A sophisticated site providing up-to-date news, description of Osage Nation's programs, as well as History and other sections.

Passamaquody Tribe Home Page
These are the people of Pleasant Point Reservation, Perry, Maine. This is a very good site, with excellent photos on separate pages.

Pawnee Nation
Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma - official Web site: small but very informative and artistically designed.

NEW The Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians
Tribal Recognition was restored and signed into law by President Clinton in September of 1994. This is the official Web site.

Powhatan Renape Nation
Pocahantas was a member of this Nation, located at the Rankokus Indian Reservation in Burlington County, NJ.

Prairie Island Indian Community
One of the smallest of the 11 reservations in Minnesota, with a history "full of glory and sadness."

Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians
The Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians is a modern expression of the Anishinabeg who lived in this region of the Great Lakes for more than 4,000 years.

The Southern Cherokee Nation is a Federally Recognized Band of the Cherokee Nation, by an Act of Congress 29 July 1866. The Sovereign Band, comprised of Treaty Party and Freedmen descendent's, is headquartered at Webbers Falls Oklahoma, on Tribal Property, with Seven (7) County Jurisdiction in the State of Oklahoma.

Seminole Nation, Indian Territory
History and genealogy of the Seminole ("first applied to the tribe about 1778, is from the Creek word 'semino le', meaning 'runaway,' meaning emigrants who left the main body and settled elsewhere") who immigrated to the Indian Territory under military escort beginning in the summer of 1836.

Seminole Nation of Oklahoma
The official homepage of the Seminole Tribe of Oklahoma, which consists of fourteen individual bands or groups, two of which are Freedmen bands.

Seminole Tribe of Florida
This very well designed official site of the Seminoles is a showcase for their rich culture and history.

Sioux Heritage Association
This powerful website is brought to you by Cheyenne River Sioux Tribal Members. At the present time (September 2002) they are upgrading the site. Read their article on Culture, utilize the large Lakhota-English Dictionary, or the audio program, send a free Postcard, and much else.

Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe
The Sisseton and Wahpeton were two of the original Seven Council Fires. They call themselves the "Dakota," which means "ally" or "friend."

Southern Ute Indian Tribe
This is the official page for this Nation, with listings on culture, history, enterprises, government, etc. This page loads a little slow - sometimes times out. Keep trying.

Sovereign Amonsoquath
The Official Online Home of the The Sovereign Amonsoquath Tribe of Cherokee, a site with interesting information from tribal services to culture.

Tyendinaga Mohawk Territory
These are the Mohawks of the Bay of Quinte near Deseronto, Ontario, Canada. The Mohawks are members of the Six Nations Confederacy.

Uganawvkalvgv Kituwah Ayeli
Southeastern Kituwah Nation is a traditional Tsalagi Band, not recognized by Federal government. Their purpose is to preserve and protect Tsalagi traditions and language.

Virginia's Indians, Past & Present
"This page offers historical information, lesson plans, bibliographies and links to tribal home pages. The Powhatan Indians page provides information for younger readers on the tribe, plus early Colonial history [Jamestown, Raleigh's expeditions]. This information is provided for younger readers who may be researching class projects. You can search this site. An index and sitemap are also available." This page seems to cover ALL the Tribes/Groups/Nations of Virginia and is excellent!

Wendat Confederacy
This document, dated 27 August 1999, is a must read! It is signed by the leaders of the member nations of Kansas and Oklahoma.

Who were the Wappinger Indians?
The history, culture, societal make-up, hunting of the Wappinger Indians. [excellent information but there are pop-up ads on this site - sorry]

Wyandot Nation of Kansas
This member of the Wendat Confederacy was incorporated in 1959 and is recognized by the state of Kansas. This is an extensive site with interesting historical articles.

NOTE: This is a representative list. Native Nations from each region of the continent have been included.

Other Resources

813 North American Nations
Global recognized North American Nations online, one page (110 KB) on "Wontolla's Reservation." This site is partly in German. You can use this Web Page Translator.

Native American Nations
This is a very long list maintained by Lisa Mitten, formerly a librarian at the University of Pittsburgh, now the Social Sciences Subject Editor for anthropology, history, and sociology for CHOICE Magazine.

Native Tribes of U.S. and Canada
This site provides an Alphabetical Index for Federally Recognized Tribes & State Recognized Tribes in the U.S., and First Nations in Canada by Province.

Seals & Logos
A very interesting page on "Wontolla's Reservation." Shows many "seals and logos of Indigenous Nations in North America" and of some American Indian organizations, with links to their Websites. This site is partly in German. You can use this Web Page Translator.

The following two sites are BIA Government sites, and will not be available again until Secretary Norton of the Department of Interior puts the the BIA and other Dept. of Interior sites back on the Inernet. (March 2002)

Tribal Entities List (BIA)
This is the list of 556 Federally Recognized American Indian Tribes within the contiguous 48 states, "last modified on Thursday, 5-August-99".   Alaska Entities are listed separately for the purpose of identification, and dated March 3, 2000.

Tribal Leaders Directory (BIA)
Information contained within this list includes the name of the Chief, Chairperson, Governor or President of the Tribe, their address, phone number and, where available, telefax number. Also available in PDF format.

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Native American Culture site created January 1, 2000

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